Nervous breakdown is a condition used by the non-medical personnel to describe a stage of acute and severe mental stress, depression and anxiety disorder. Initially, the term was used to portray any psychological condition of a woman where she was unable to lead her normal life due to stress. She breaks down the reality and even attempt to suicide. Sometimes the condition requires hospitalization. Several psychological disorders can lead to nervous breakdown, so it is difficult to describe the condition as a single entity. And since the condition is sometimes undiagnosed at its early stage, the sufferer may show signs of abusive conducts and alcoholism.
The general symptoms of nervous breakdown are as follows:
Source – sciain
- Hiding from responsibilities – this may be the first symptom of an unresponsive nervous breakdown. The sufferers deny their family members and responsibilities towards them. They also refrain themselves visiting their workplaces fearing some bad thing is going to happen. Their social life is also hampered as they avoid attending the family meetings. Irrational thoughts constantly percolate in their brains disallowing them to take right decisions. Lack of motivation in regular works also gets in the way of normal living.
- Sleep disorders – some people show increased length of sleep as they get solace during this time. But most of the patients suffering from nervous breakdown complain of insomnia.
- Appetite disorder – most of the patients lose their appetite during an episode of nervous breakdown. It is also seen in some of the patients that they eat voraciously to get rid of anxiety.
- Persistent anxiety – the patient lives in a highest level of anxiety which is constant in nature. Sometimes there is panic attacks and feeling of paranoia. The patient may complain of unexplained fear of impending doom. It is also suggested that somebody is definitely going to harm the patient. This is called delusion of persecution.
- Hallucination – visual or auditory hallucination is very common in a patient of nervous breakdown. He may complain of a sound that does not exist or may see somebody which actually is not present there.
- Crying – periods of uncontrollable crying in a futile attempt to ease out depression is frequently seen in some patients.
- Alcohol dependence – some people use to take alcohol so much that dependency develops.
- Antagonistic behavior – many patients of nervous breakdown shows antagonistic behavior like theft, gambling and vandalism.
- Forgetfulness – as the mind is constantly engaged in some unrealistic activities, the patient becomes absentminded. In some cases, short term memory loss is also noticed.
- Suicidal attempts – in extreme cases, patient may lose interest in life and want to commit suicide.
- Physical symptoms – the physical symptoms are varied according to the nature and extent of cause of nervous breakdown. The patient may complain of diarrhea or constipation, headache, difficulty in respiration, loss of libido, double vision, menstrual disorder, extreme exhaustion and fatigue.
Nervous breakdown is common in younger ages but it is also seen in adults. Women are more prone to this disease. Behavioral therapy and judicial use of medication can cure the symptoms of nervous breakdown.
Category: Disease and Conditions
Tags: anxiety, depression, nervous breakdown, stress, symptoms